Ephraim

Ephraim

Merriam-Webster

a son of Joseph and the traditional eponymous ancestor of one of the tribes of Israel

the Northern Kingdom or Ephra·im the N. portion of the Hebrew kingdom after the division

Strong’s

H669 ‘Ephrayim – second son of Joseph, blessed by him and given preference over first son, Manasseh
the tribe, Ephraim; sometimes used name for the northern kingdom of Israel (Hosea or Isaiah)

Scripture References

Genesis 48:5 Now your two sons, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you into Egypt, are mine; Ephraim and Manasseh, even as Reuben and Simeon, will be mine.

1 Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in the hill country of Ephraim, and lived in it; and he went out from there, and built Penuel.

Isaiah 7:17 Yahweh will bring on you, on your people, and on your father’s house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah;

Hosea 5:9 Ephraim will become a desolation in the day of rebuke.  Among the tribes of Israel, I have made known that which will surely be.

Commentary

Ephraim, like the word Israel, has several different meanings depending on the context in which it is used.  In Genesis, Ephraim is referring to one of the son’s of Joseph.  In 1 Kings it is in reference to land, specifically mount Ephraim (the hill country of Ephraim).  Isaiah and Hosea use the word Ephraim to refer to the Northern Kingdom of Israel after the split.

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