In our resource titled, “Are We Under a New Covenant?” I showed that the idea of a “new” covenant is not biblical and that when translated properly there is no New Covenant, but a Renewed Covenant. I also showed that because the conditions of the Renewed Covenant have not been met, we are not fully under the Renewed Covenant yet. The Renewed Covenant was instituted by Y’shua’s first coming and will be fully completed after his second coming.
In this resource, I’m going to go through the B’rit Chadasha and test some of the traditional verses that are used to suggest that we are already fully under the Renewed Covenant.
2 Co 3:6 who also made us competent as servants of a renewed covenant, not of the letter but of the Spirit, for the letter kills but the Spirit gives life.
What does “the letter kills, but the spirit gives life” mean?
Most people have NO idea what “the letter of the law” means. They assume that it is referring to everything in what they call the “Old” Covenant or Old Testament. They group everything in the Torah into one basket without fully understanding how the Torah is set up. The Torah blesses, and it curses (Deut. 30:11-20). Obeying Torah blesses us, disobeying it curses us, which is the punishment of death under the “letter of the law.”
Many people believe the book of Hebrews is proof that the new covenant is in effect. Let’s examine some key verses from the book of Hebrews and test them against the idea that the Renewed Covenant is already fully in place.
Heb 8:8 For finding fault with them, He says, “Behold, days are coming, says YHWH, When I will effect a renewed covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah;
Nothing here indicates the renewed covenant is fully in effect. The writer of Hebrews is quoting Jeremiah 31, showing that the covenant is with the House of Israel and Judah. The fault with the first covenant is that the people strayed from it. So YHWH will renew the first covenant by writing Torah on our hearts this time, and not on tablets of stone.
Heb 8:13 When He said, “A Renewed covenant,” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.
This verse does not say that the renewed covenant is NOW in effect. It states that what “IS” becoming obsolete, and growing old is “READY” to disappear, not that it is already in place. This verse also comes at the end of two whole chapters devoted to showing the superiority of Y’shua’s heavenly “Melchizedek’ priesthood to that of the earthly Levitical priesthood. I also have to point out that the word “covenant” in this verse is not in the original manuscript, it is an addition added later by translators. So what is ‘ready to vanish’ must be in the context of what has just been discussed which is the priesthood. What is about to vanish away here is NOT Torah. Why?
“And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail. Luke 16:17/blockquote]
Have heaven and earth ended? The law will not fail! The only thing that was about to vanish away here was the earthly priesthood, not Torah. I should also note that this is not saying the earthly priesthood is vanishing forever. Y’shua can not be a priest on earth, so when He returns there will be priest officiating at the temple once again. Torah and the provision for the priesthood are upheld.
Heb 12:24 to the mediator of a renewed covenant, Y’shua; and to the sprinkled blood that speaks better things than that of Abel.
Y’shua “IS” the mediator, but He has NOT fully ratified the renewed covenant yet. He is at the right hand of the Father, in the heavenly holy of holies, acting as our high priest and mediating between us and YHWH. Soon, He will return and fully establish this renewed covenant with Israel & Judah.
At the last Supper, Y’shua mentioned the cup of the covenant; yet He was clear to tie its completion in with the messianic kingdom. He said…
“I tell you, I will not drink this ‘fruit of the vine’ again until the day I drink new wine with you in my Father’s Kingdom.” Matthew 26:29
Many people believe that Y’shua’s death, burial, and resurrection is what ushered in the renewed covenant, but nowhere in scripture do we find these events as being conditions of the renewed covenant. YHWH made it clear in Amos 3:7 that he does nothing without revealing it to his prophets first. If Y’shua’s death, burial, and resurrection were events that caused the renewed covenant to be fully instituted surely the prophets would have mentioned these events as conditions of the renewed covenant. Y’shua instituted the Renewed Covenant at His first coming, is currently mediating the Renewed Covenant, and will ratify it fully when He returns.
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